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The Environmental Health Division of the Department of Child and Family Wellbeing provides comprehensive delivery of inspection services, investigations, and education programs to citizens and consumers in order to assure a healthful and protected environment. The Division includes: Animal Control; Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program; Food & Drug Bureau; Lead Safe House; Rodent Control; and Weights and Measures.
Raysa Martinez Kruger. (Ph.D. Thesis) Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2017. "Using the Ironbound neighborhood of Newark and Essex County as a case study area, this dissertation examines how conditions of environmental injustice in the Ironbound are produced and perpetuated by the collective enactment of our governmental approaches to the problem of increasing garbage production in New Jersey since the 1870s."
Gabriela Dory, et al. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being 12(1), January 2017, pp. 1-10.
"This study applies a descriptive phenomenological method to explore and describe the emotional experience of residents living in Ironbound, a known EJ community located in Newark, New Jersey." Rutgers-restricted Access
Matthew B. Immergut and Laurel Kearns. Journal for the Study of Religion Nature and Culture 6, 2012, 176-195.
"We specifically examine a range of strategies and campaigns by religious actors, and their non-religious partners, to fight the overwhelming toxicity and neglect of one neighborhood in the city—the Ironbound. We also consider some of the reasons in this particular context for a lack of engagement by religious groups and the difficulties faced by immigrant populations in addressing environmental problems."
In the 1950s and 1960s, the Diamond Alkali Company manufactured agricultural chemicals, including the herbicides used in the defoliant known as “Agent Orange” on Lister Avenue in Newark. A by-product of these manufacturing processes was 2,3,7,8-TCDD (dioxin), an extremely toxic chemical.
Dawn Roberts-Semple. Thesis (Ph.D). Newark, N.J., Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, 2012.
"This dissertation adapts an integrated approach to improve understanding about the role of meteorological factors on air pollution concentrations and their cumulative effects on public health in Newark and the Meadowlands, New Jersey."
Rita L. Thornton. Thesis (Ph.D), Rutgers University - Newark, and the New Jersey Institute of Technology, 2006.
"This study analyzes the community locations and evaluates literature and other available air pollution data for the target communities in the city of Newark. The study focuses on asthma or reative airway diseases as a target health risk. It also performs data collection on particulate pollutants and levels of trace metals in particulate matter in target communities and schools of preschool children in two of the five Wards of Newark." Available?
Morris M. Joselow et.al. American Journal of Public Health 68(6), June 1978, 557-560.
"Street soils from various locations...[in Newark] were analyzed for manganese and lead...Highly significant inverse relationships were found
between the concentrations of both contaminants and distance from major traffic arteries."
Gwendolyn G. Grant. (Masters Thesis) Newark State College, 1971. Rutgers-restricted Access
"Lead Poisoning in Newark: The Situation Prior to a Case Finding and Intervention Program,"
Ann A. Browder. Journal of the Medical Society of New Jersey 69(2), February 1972, 101-6.
"Assessment of lead poisoning in Newark during the 15 months January 1, 1969 through March 31, 1970 showed that the number of children screened, treated, and followed were far below the number projected at risk of lead poisoning." Available?
D. Jean Schneider and Marvin A. Lavenhar. American Journal of Public Health 76(3), March 1986, 242-244.
Lead paint used in pre-1950 housing is a major source of lead poisoning in children. In 1980 66 percent of Newark's housing stock predated 1950. An examination of the medical records of 236 Newark children treated for lead poisoning between 1977 and 1980 found that the number of cases began to rise after 1976, when a decrease in federal funding resulted in cutbacks in prevention and screening programs.
Essex county continues to have the largest number and percentage of
children with elevated blood lead results in the state. The city of
Newark has the highest number of children with elevated blood levels.
Childhood Lead Poisoning in New Jersey Annual Report
New Jersey. Department of Health and Senior Services, 19??. Available?
Timothy P. Wilson and Jennifer L. Bonin. Prepared for the New Jersey Toxics Reduction Workplan for NY-NJ Harbor Ambient Monitoring of Loading to Major Tributaries at Head-of-Tide Study I-C. Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5059. Reston, Virginia, U.S. Geological Survey, 2007.
Hun Bok Jung. Environmental Earth Sciences 79(6) March, 2020.
"In summer 2017 and 2018, groundwater (n = 39) and sediment (n = 13) samples were collected at depths of 20–175 cm from a sandy coastal aquifer in addition to surface water samples (n = 10) along the Newark Bay, a highly urbanized estuary."
Elyse Anne Rodgers-Vieira. Thesis (Ph.D), Rutgers The State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick and University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 2012.
"The Passaic River in Newark, New Jersey has a long history of industrial pollution making it an ideal site to study monooxygenase diversity. 16S rRNA and alkane monooxgyenase gene populations were analyzed by pyrosequencing to determine if sampling location on the river influenced the microbial community and if triplicate enrichments yield comparable results...Sediments from rivers and streams in Central Asia were compared to determine if novel alkane monooxygenase families could be found in a largely unstudied geographic region." Available?
"The Pollution Problem of the Passaic River,"
Daniel Jacobson. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society 76(3), July 1958, 186-198.
Traces the gradual pollution of Newark's water supply in the 19th century. Available?
"The Passaic Valley Trunk Sewer,"
Stuart Galishoff. New Jersey History 88(4), Winter 1970, 197-214. Reprinted in Safeguarding the Public Health: Newark, 1895-1918. Westport, Conn., 1975, pp. 54-67.
The Passaic river, which for many years served both as a water supply
and major recreational site for Newark and the surrounding area, by the
latter part of the 19th century had been polluted to the point that it "had the
characteristics of an open sewer." Traces efforts to mitigate the
pollution, culminiating in the opening of the
Passaic Valley Trunk Sewer in 1924. Available?