Portuguese Emigration to the United States, 1820-1930.
Maria Ioannis Benis Baganha. New York, Garland Pub., 1990. Available?
Leo Pap. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981. Available?
The Forgotten Portuguese.
Manuel Mira. Franklin, NC, Portuguese-American Historical Research Foundation, Inc., c1998. Available?
Portuguese of the United States From 1880 to 1990: Distinctiveness in Work Patterns Across Gender, Nativity and Place.
Maria Gloria Mulcahy. Thesis (Ph.D.), Brown University, 2003.
Looks at questions relating to the divergence of the Portuguese from the usual patterns of work-related aspects of adjustment. Focuses on labor force participation, occupational characteristics, and self-employment. Looks at regional differences between the major Portuguese settlement areas, including the Newark/New York area. Available?
Thomas M. Stephens. Hispania 72 (3), September 1989, 716-20.
Looks at Portuguese language maintenance and ethnicity in and around Newark, and the role played by education, the Church, the media, and the social clubs. Rutgers-restricted Access
Community, Culture and the Makings of Identity: Portuguese-Americans Along the Eastern Seaboard.
Edited by Kimberly DaCosta Holton and Andrea Klimt. North Dartmouth, Mass., University of Massachusetts Center for Portuguese Studies and Culture, 2009.
Includes: Chapter 5. Kimberly DaCosta Holton. Dancing Along the In-Between: Folklore Performance and Transmigration in Portuguese Newark; Chapter 6. Lori Barcliff Baptista. Images of the Virgin in Portuguese Art at the Newark Museum; Chapter 17. Ana Yolanda Ramos-Zayas. Stereotypes of the Tropics in 'Portuguese Newark': Brazilian Women, Urban Erotics, and the Phantom of Blackness; Chapter 19. Kimberly DaCosta Holton. Angola Dreaming: Memories of Africa Among Portuguese Retornados in Newark, NJ. Available?
Lori Danielle Barcliff Baptista. Text and Performance Quarterly 29(1), 2009, pp.60-76.
"This essay explores the relationship between food and identity performances within a segment of a Portuguese transnational community with social, economic, and political ties to both the Ironbound neighborhood of Newark, New Jersey, and many of the rural villages of Portugal. I examine how some Portuguese-Americans in Newark's Ironbound use bacalhau (salt cod) to perform their identities." Rutgers-restricted Access
Warren A. Reich, Jennifer M. Ramos, and Rashmi Jaipal. Asian Journal of Social Psychology 3(2), August 2000, 153-161.
"Forty undergraduate Rutgers-Newark students (21 women and 19 men) of Portuguese descent, aged 18 to 28, participated in a study on identity commitment and attitudes toward interethnic dating. High commitment to a Portuguese identity was associated with a collectivist orientation and with having a social network densely populated with Portuguese people." Rutgers-restricted Access
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