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Oley, PA, Bullfrog Films, 2005. "Follows the 2002 race for Mayor of Newark, N.J. between 32 year-old
Cory Booker and four-term incumbent Sharpe James." Written, directed,
and produced by Marshall Curry. Available?Online Access Rutgers-restricted access
"Politicians and Urban Policy Change,"
S.C. Brooks. and R.L. Lineberry. IN Urban Policy Analysis: Directions for Future Research. Edited by Terry Nichols Clark. Beverly Hills, Sage Publications, 1981.
Focuses on police services in Newark and Philadelphia and the correlation between mayoral elections and crime data. Available?
Black Mayors and School Politics: The Failure of Reform in Detroit, Gary, and Newark.
Wilbur C. Rich. New York, Garland, 1996.
Analyzes the roles played by black mayors and black politicians in relation to school policies and attempted reforms in Detroit, Gary, and Newark. Finds that neither black nor white political power is sufficient to overcome the power of the "public school cartel"
(administrators, school board members, professional educators, and teacher union leaders) which controls school policy-making
in large city school districts. Available?
Robert Curvin. Thesis (Ph.D), Princeton University, 1975.
Looks at Kenneth Gibson's first term as Newark mayor (1970-1974); concludes that "the lack of substantial change during Gibson's first term is rooted in economic, political, and social structure that operates to protect the status quo, the wealth of the already affluent, and the position and control of those already in power...More specifically, this study attempts to show how a pluralistic society works, over time, to thwart the goals of an oppressed group, even when it becomes a 'majority' in a given jurisdiction." Available?
Illusions of Power: Gibson's Impact Upon Employment Conditions in Newark, 1970-1974.
Attempts "to determine to what degree, if any, the presence of a Black mayor has improved the conditions of the people of Newark during the years 1970-1974." Finds that the election of a Black mayor does not change the basic power relationships within a city and is no panacea to problems of poverty and unemployment." Available?
Kathryn B. Yatrakis. Thesis (Ph.D), Columbia University, 1981.
" A detailed analysis of the Newark 1970 and 1974 mayoral elections reveals that many specific and appropriate electoral demands and issues were raised by mayoral candidates, interest groups, individuals, groups of voters and filtered through the media. As a result, some symbolic and divisible political benefits were forthcoming." Available?
Lauren O'Brien. New Jersey Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 4(1), 2018, pp. 130-146.
"In November of 1969, 2,700 members of Newark’s African American and Puerto Rican community assembled at the Black and Puerto Rican Political Convention to mobilize and strategize a plan to gain socio-political power...Newark’s communities of color resolved that the election of the city’s first Black mayor would provide a solution to many of their problems. Accordingly, the election of Kenneth Gibson validated the communities’ unified efforts and symbolized one of the most successful multiracial coalitions in Newark’s history...[However]...for many Puerto Ricans, Gibson’s victory was the impetus for a major rift between Puerto Ricans and African Americans."
A Mayor for all the People? : Kenneth Gibson's Newark
Robert C. Holmes. New Brunswick, N.J., Rutgers University Press, 2019. Available?
Political Prisoner: You Can be Indicted, Arrested, Convicted and Sent to Prison Without Committing a Crime : A Memoir
Kirk Edward Harris. Thesis (Ph.D), Cornell University, 1992.
"This study explores Black mayoral governance in the context of historical and political episodes which shape not only this leadership's governing tendencies but its fundamental relationship with the Black community."Utilizes three detailed case studies of three black mayors: Kurt Schmoke of Baltimore; W. Wilson Goode of Philadelphia; and Sharpe James of
"Newark Brings Its Municipal Government Online,"
Sharpe James. IN Innovations in E-government: The Thoughts of Governors and Mayors. Edited by Erwin A. Blackstone, Michael L. Bognanno, and Simon Hakim. Lanham, Md., Rowman & Littlefield, 2005. Available?
Jeffrey Kraus. Forum: A Journal of Applied Research in Contemporary Politics 2(3), 2004, Article 7.
The 2002 mayoral election between incumbent Sharpe James and challenger
Cory Booker is part of a new trend in contemporary politics:
a contest between an older African-American incumbent and a younger
African-American politician. Concludes that the younger--and generally
more moderate--politicians have difficulty winning support from older
African-American voters. Rutgers-restricted Access
Jonathan L. Wharton. Ph.D. Thesis, Howard University, 2008
" The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the candidates' race conscious campaigning and to determine whether it had a significant positive or negative impact on voter behavior." Available?