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The Newark Experience: Newark Schools: Early History through the 1920s

Annual Report

Annual Report of the Board of Education of the City of Newark...including the manual of the Board of Education, the regulations relating to the public schools, the manual of instruction, and tabular statements of statistics and expenditures for the year ...
Newark, New Jersey Board of Education, 1857-
Vols. 33-36 (1889-1892); 44-49 (1900-1905); 59-60 (1914/1915-1915/1916)

The Newark Study

A Short History of Newark
Frank J. Urquhart. Newark, N.J., Baker Printing Company, 1910. "This work originally appeared in three small pamphlets, written at the request of the Newark Free Public Library, and published by it."
Newark in the Public Schools of Newark: A Course of Study on Newark, its Geography, Civics and History
Prepared by J. Wilmer Kennedy. Newark, N.J., Board of Education, 1911. A course of study for the Newark school system that grew out of the pamphlets originally prepared by Urquhart. Available?
"The Study of a City in the Schools of that City"
"H.B." The Newarker 1 (8), June 1912, p. 133-134. "Few Newarkers realize that Newark itself is one of the chief studies of the Newark schools...Such a thorough and systematic course of city study has never been attempted before anywhere."
"The Joint Work of the High School and the Public Library in Relating Education to Life"
Marilla Waite Freeman. Library Journal 38, April 1913, pp. 179-183.

Early History through the 1920s

Frances Dering at Newark Academy, November 1807-April 1808.
Patricia and Edward Shillingburg. Shelter Island Heights, N.Y., Cedar Grove, 2015.
"A compilation of letters written by and to Frances Mary Dering during the year that she spent at Newark Academy, from November 1807 to April 1808." Available?
Female Education: An Address, Delivered in Trinity Church, Newark, N.J., On the Anniversary of the Newark Institute for Young Ladies, July 21, 1826.
Henry P. Powers. Newark, M.Lyon, 1826. Available?
Stephen Congar and the Establishment of the Newark Public School System
Donald Raichle. Journal of the Rutgers University Libraries 38(2), 1976, 57-84.
Dr. Stephen Congar was superintendent of the Newark school system from 1853 to 1859. Available?
Course of Study for the Public Schools of Newark, N.J. Adopted by the Board of Education, July 30, 1897.
Newark, W.H. Shurts Co., Printers, 1897.
Negro Education in the Public Schools of Newark, New Jersey, During the Nineteenth Century Rutgers-restricted access
John R. Anderson. Ed.D. Thesis. Rutgers University, 1972.
Historical and sociological study of segregated public schools in Newark from 1828 to 1909. Extensive statistical tables. Available?
James Miller Baxter, Newark Principal.
Wilson Moorman. Thesis (M.A.), Newark State College, 1961.
James Miller Baxter (1845-1909), the first African-American school administrator in the Newark school system, served as the principal of the Colored School of Newark between 1869 and 1873. Available?
Mr. Baxter's School
Marion T. Wright. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society 59(1), January 1941, pp.116-133. (Digital Howard Faculty Reprints 224)
The Children of Immigrants in Schools: Newark.
IN United States. Immigration Commission (1907-1910). The Children of Immigrants in Schools. Reports of the Immigration Commission. Washington, DC., Government Printing Office, 1911. Vol.4, pp. 189-317.
"These investigations concerned in the first instance the entire number of pupils in the public schools, the teachers in the public schools, and the pupils in the parochial schools...In addition to this general investigation there was in the city of Newark an investigation of a more intensive character, which concerned the pupils in a certain number of schools...designed to bring out facts of importance concerning the schools progress of the children considered, especially among those of foreign birth and parentage." Extensive tables.
The Impact of Immigration on Newark, New Jersey's Public and Parochial Primary and Grammar School Programs During the Migration, 1880-1930.
Linda M. Jacewich. Ed.D. Thesis, Seton Hall University, 1993.
"By 1910, approximately one-third of Newark's population was foreign-born and few grammar schools in the city consisted of children born of several generations of native-born Americans. The schools of Newark sought to address the needs of the diverse student community through professionalization of the staff, scientific management strategies, school board reforms, and expanded supervision." Available?
School Reform as a Tool of Urban Reform: The Emergence of the Twentieth-Century Public School in Newark, New Jersey, 1890-1920.
Marilyn R. Kussick. Ph.D. Thesis, Rutgers University, 1974. Available?
Newark High School
Postcard, c.1901-1906
Newark Board of Education Scrapbooks, 1910-1934
4 scrapbooks of material relating to the Newark Board of Edudation and to individual schools in Newark. In the Cummings New Jersey Information Center of the Newark Public Library. More from the Newark Archives Project.
"The Great Newark School Strike of 1912,"
Donald R. Raichle. New Jersey History 106(1/2), 1988, 1-17.
In 1912 students of the Morton Street School and the Charlton Street School went on strike as a result of anti-Semitic remarks and behavior on the part of some teachers. Available?
Bulletin of Information. 1914-15-16
Newark, Boston Technical Institute of Newark.
"The Boston Technical Institute of Newark was established in 1901...It is the object of the Boston Technical Institute of Newark to prepare for practical life."
Vocational Overview of Newark, New Jersey: Report of Advisory Committee to Board of Education on the Proposed Girls' Vocational School.
Charles Henry Winslow. Newark, Board of Education, 1916. Available?
"Newark High-School Teachers' Campaign for Higher Salaries
School Life 2(6), March 16, 1919, pp.4-5.
Arithmetic Survey in the Public Schools of Newark, N.J.
Newark, New Jersey Board of Education, December 1919
Syllabus on Health for the Public Schools of Newark, New Jersey Grades 1-6
Newark, New Jersey Board of Education, Adopted October 28, 1920.
"It is the province of the school to turn out healthy, vigorous boys and girls."
Games and Dances for Elementary Schools
Newark Public Library, 1922.
The All Year Schools of Newark, N.J..
Report submitted by Dr. Wilson Farrand and Professor M.V. O'Shea. Newark, 1926.
Includes a report by R.K. Atkinson on the "Playground Facilities in the All-Year Schools in Newark, N.J."

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