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The Newark Experience: Newark History: To the 1920s

The Sights

Sightseeing in Newark, N.J. [Pt.1?]
Sightseeing in Newark, N.J. [Pt.2?]
John H. Dunnachie film. 1926-1927. From the Prelinger Archives.

What They Saw

Part of the 1st and 7th Wards
May 1862 photograph.
Panoramic Views of Newark
1912. 2 panoramic photos.
Broad & Market Streets
July 1916.
Broad Street, 900 Block
c. 1920. 2 photos.
"Newark Long Ago: 19th Century Photographs From the Museum's Collections," Barbara Lipton. Newark Museum Quarterly 26(4), Fall 1975, pp.1-28. William F. Cone photographs. 


Historical Map of Newark, New Jersey, 1666-1916
Compiled for the 250th celebration by Edward S. Rankin, C.E., August 1916, revised January 1918.

1872 Map of the City of Newark
F.W. Beers map from the 1872 State Atlas of New Jersey.

Newark, circa 1874.
From the Library of Congress Panoramic Maps series.

Newark, circa 1895.
From the Library of Congress Panoramic Maps series. See detail of the area where Rutgers-Newark is now located.

Atlas of the City of Newark, New Jersey: From Official Records, Private Plans & Actual Surveys.
Scarlett and Scarlett. Newark, N.J., 1889.
37 detailed maps. Includes information on land owners and building materials.
Special Collections Call Number: XFOLIO G1259 .N5S33

Atlas of the City of Newark, New Jersey: From Official Records, Private Plans and Actual Surveys.
Elisha Robinson. New York, E. Robinson, 1901.
Special Collections Call Number: SNCLXF G1259 .N5R6 1901

Newark, 1904.
From the Old Newark site.

Robinson's Atlas of the City of Newark, New Jersey. Compiled From Official Records, Private Plans and Actual Surveys. Elisha Robinson. Newark, N.J., E. Robinson, 1926-1927. 3 vols.
Vol 1: Embracing the section of the City North from Penn. R.R. Market Street and South Orange Avenue to 12th Street to Central Avenue; Vol. 2: Embracing the Section of the City South to Market Street and South Orange Avenue, the Vailsburg Section and West to Broad Street., Poinier Street and Elizabeth Avenue to City Line; Vol. 3: Embracing the Section of the City South and East from Penna. R.R. and Market Street to Broad Street, to Poinier Street, to Elizabeth Avenue thence to City Line.
Detailed maps show buildings, dwellings and businesses, and indicate building materials, ward lines, water pipes, sewers, and paved or unimproved streets.
Dana Call Number: NEWARK G1259 .N5R63 1926

The "Real" History

A Real History of Newark and Notable Newarkers
Tom Fleming. Newark, N.J., Tom Fleming Cartoon Syndicate, 1916.
Humorous history with caricatures of Newark notables.

Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

Newark, New Jersey, During the American Civil War: A Study in Loyalty and Disloyalty.
Edward G. Sponzilli. Thesis (B.A.), Rutgers University, 1971. Available?
Drummer Boy Willie McGee, Civil War Hero and Fraud.
Thomas Fox. Jefferson, N.C., McFarland & Co., 2008. Available?
Essex County's Doctors Go to War
Michael Nevins. IN Meanderings in New Jersey' Medical History. Bloomington, iUniverse, Inc., 2011, Chapter 7, pp.53-58.
"Will I Ever Be Fit for Civil Society Again?" The Challenges of Readjustment through the Prism of the New Jersey Soldier's Home at Newark
Leonard Bussanich. New Jersey History 127(2), 2013, 26 pp.
In 1863 Newark's Marcus L. Ward put forth a proposal to establish an institution geared to the protection and care of returning Civil War soldiers.The New Jersey Home for Disabled Veterans opened on July 4, 1866.
Agriculture and Farm Life in the New York City Region, 1820-1870.
Louis P. Tremante. Thesis (Ph.D), Iowa State University, 2000.
Focuses on "how rapid urban expansion influenced agriculture and farm life in sixteen counties surrounding and including Manhattan Island. Available?
Roots of the American Working Class: The Industrialization of Crafts in Newark, 1800-1860.
Susan E. Hirsch. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1978.
Looks at "the interrelationship of industrialization with class, culture and social status" in Newark in the first half of the nineteenth century. The basic work on the industrial history of Newark. Available?
From Village to Industrial City: The Urbanization of Newark, New Jersey, 1830-1860.
Raymond Michael Ralph. Thesis (Ph.D), New York University, 1978. Available?
"Class, Culture, and Ethnicity in Nineteenth-Century Newark,"
Charles Stephenson. IN New Jersey's Ethnic Heritage: Papers Presented at the Eight Annual New Jersey History Symposium, December 4, 1976. Edited by Paul A. Stellhorn. Trenton, New Jersey Historical Commission, 1978, pp.94-132.
'The Overturnings in the Earth’: Fireman and Evangelicals in Newark's Law-and-Order Crisis of the 1850s
Joel Schwartz. IN Cities of the Garden State: Essays in the Urban and Suburban History of New Jersey. Edited by Joel Schwartz and Daniel Prosser. Dubuque, Iowa, Kendall/Hunt Pub. Co., 1977. Available?
"Nativists in Newark: Radical Protestant Reaction to the Appointment of a Catholic Bishop"
Augustine J. Curley. New Jersey History 127(1), 2012, 27 pp.
"The appointment of the first Roman Catholic bishop of Newark in 1853 led to ferocious criticism from the city’s newspapers, street preachers, and visiting Catholic dissidents. The visceral anti-Catholic, anti-Vatican rhetoric in Newark foreshadowed the Know Nothing movement’s successes in 1854, the high tide of antebellum nativism in the northeast."
Newark, N.J., 1870-1910: Chapters in the Evolution of an American Metropolis.
Samuel H. Popper. Thesis (Ph.D.), New York University, 1952. Available?
Report and Catalogue of the First Exhibition of Newark Industries.
Newark, N.J., Holbrook's Steam Printing, 1872. Available?
"Measuring Ethnic Clustering and Exposure with the Q Statistic: An Exploratory Analysis of Irish, Germans, and Yankees in 1880 Newark"
Antonio Paez et al. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 102(1), January 2012, 84-102. Rutgers-restricted Access
Newark: The Nation's Unhealthiest City, 1832-1895.
Stuart Galishoff. New Brunswick, N.J., Rutgers University Press, 1988.
Public health policy and reform, including the development of a public water supply and sewerage, in 19th century Newark. Available?
Safeguarding the Public Health: Newark, 1895-1918.
Stuart Galishoff. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1975.
Focuses on the Newark Board of Health and the attempt to control contagious diseases. Available?
Newark's Last Fifteen Years, 1904-1919: Interesting Facts, Arranged Alphabetically by Subjects.
Newark, N.J., Newark Public Library, 1919.
The City of Newark in Nineteen Hundred and Six.
Speech Dlivered by Hon. Henry M. Doremus, Mayor, at Opening of New City Hall December 20, 1906. Newark, L.J. Hardhom Printing Company, [1906?].
Newark: The City of Industry. Facts and Figures Concerning the Metropolis of New Jersey
Newark Board of Trade. 1912.
Reflections on the Life of Negroes in Newark, 1910-1916
William Ashby. An address delivered to the Frontiers Club, February 16, 1972.
Report on the Social Evil Conditions of Newark, New Jersey, to the People of Newark.
Newark (N.J.). Citizens' Committee. Newark, N.J., 1914.
Investigation conducted by the American Vigilance Association during August and December 1913 and January 1914. The American Vigilance Association (later incorporated into the American Social Hygiene Association) worked to 'suppress and prevent commercialized vice, and to promote the highest standard of public and private morals.' Pages 152-170: "Summary and Tables Relative to Professional Prostitutes" in Newark. Available?
Over Here: Newark in World War I, 1917-1918.
George Robb. Exhibition held January 20-December 31, 2017, at the Newark Public Library. 2017. Available?
Over Here: Newark Mobilizes for World War I
Newark History Society program at the Newark Public Library, April 6, 2017. George Robb, the exhibit curator, speaks about the exhibit and his research on Newark in WWI.
Over There: Men and Women From Newark Service on the Western Front
Newark History Society program, September 25, 2017. John Zinn, presenter.
Wartime Letters from a NJ Doughboy, 1918-1919
Marilyn Pfaltz reads from the wartime letters of Hugo Menzel Pfaltz (1896-1989), who grew up in Newark, attended Rutgers College, and served in France during World War I. Union Public Library, July 21, 2020.
Propaganda, Censorship, and Book Drives: The Newark Public Library in World War I
George Robb. New Jersey Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 5(1), 2019, pp.101-126
"During the war public libraries were usually the most important information centers in their communities...Newark’s chief librarians, John Cotton Dana and Beatrice Winser, oversaw many such patriotic initiatives, but they also became involved in more controversial campaigns to employ women librarians at military camps and to resist wartime calls for censorship of unpatriotic literature."
"Newark's 250th Anniversary Celebration,"
Joseph F. Folsom. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society. New Series Vol. 1, No. 3, 1916. pp. 113-128; "Additions and Corrections," p. 220.
The Newark Posters Catalogue: Newark, New Jersey, Celebration of 250th Anniversary, 1916.
Newark, N.J., Committee of One Hundred. Newark, N.J., Essex Press, 1915.
Catalogue of the traveling exhibit resulting from the poster contest held in conjunction with the 250th anniversary.
Metropolitan Aspirations: Politics and Memory in Progressive Era Newark.
Martin V. Minner. Thesis (Ph.D), Indiana University, 2005.
"[F]ocuses on the 250th anniversary celebration held in Newark in 1916 and the range of media and civic events, such as a pageant, parades, poster and poetry contests, an industrial exhibition, statuary, and plans for a memorial building, that marked this civic celebration. The study argues that this massive commemorative event served primarily to promote civic identity, which in turn served a number of political ends.Available?
312th Infantry. "Newark's Own." 78th Lightning Division.
Panoramic photo. Newark Photo Studio, 1919. Insert: "Record of the 312th Infantry 78th Division.
IN Merchants Association of Newark, N.J. First Annual Industrial Exposition. May 20-27, 1922, pp. 6-14.
Facts and figures on Newark in the early 1920s. Cover
Slippery When Wet
Laura Troiano. Thesis (M.A.), Rutgers University, 2008. Available?
"Slippery When Wet: A Young Historian's Journey into the World of Creative Non-Fiction,"
Laura Troiano. Rethinking History: The Journal of Theory and Practice 16(1), 2012, pp. 91-108.
"This essay is the story of my many attempts at writing a history of Prohibition and bootlegging in Newark, NJ and how those attempts have shaped the ways I think about the relationship between creative non-fiction and historical scholarship...." Rutgers-restricted Access
New Jersey: Life, Industries and Resources of a Great State.
Floyd William Parsons. Newark, N.J., New Jersey State Chamber of Commerce, 1928.
Includes many Newark references as well as photographs.
Life on Prince Street in the 1920s and 1930s
Nat Bodian. Reminiscence of life in the heart of the Jewish section of Newark. Part of the Old Newark Memories site.

The Ironbound

Newark Neighborhood House
One page report, circa 1903. The Neighborhood House was opened by the Newark Social Settlement Association in 1905. "The 'Ironbound District' has been chosen for the first settlement partly because of its cosmopolitan nature and partly because it is the heart of the great factory district."
Newark Settlement House, c.1903.

Newark's Children at Work

Enforcing the Newsboy Law in New York and Newark
J. K. Paulding. Charities 14, April-September, 1905, pp. 836-837.
Child Labor in New Jersey: Part 3: The Working Children of Newark and Paterson.
Nettie McGill. Washington, DC, Children's Bureau, 1931
One of a series of studies of child welfare in New Jersey by the Children's Bureau in 1925. According to the 1920 census, 25 percent of Newark's 14 and 15 year-olds were in the work force. Looks at data relating to termination of school life, occupations, wages, unemployment and steadiness at work.

Lewis Wickes Hine's photographs of Newark newsboys, taken between 1909 and 1924.
Shoeshine Boys and Others
More Hine photos. 1912-1924.

Women's Suffrage

Tough Times

Newark Women Plod in Snow to Plea for Food
"Women walking through snow and slush in Newark, New Jersey, to the city hall to place before Mayor Raymond a resolution calling for purchase and sale by the city of needed food." Thomas L. Raymond was Mayor of Newark from 1915-1917 and again between 1925 and 1928.

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