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Psychology & Behavioral Sciences: APA Style

This subject research guide serves as a roadmap to the psychology resources available at the Rutgers University Libraries

Web Resources for APA Style

The box directly to the right details authoritative sources for information on APA Style. There are some web resources that have distilled information from those choices and make them available online. Note that there is NO complete APA Style Guide online.

These sources offer some style information:

The Owl at Purdue Purdue University
Provides a section "Research and Citation" that covers citation format information for the American Sociological Association (ASA) style, Chicago Manual of Style, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, and Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). OWL at Purdue has recently updated their excellent online resources to reflect the new (October, 2019) 7th edition of APA style.  Please go to the APA Style section of OWL at:

Paraphrasing of psychology content

Comprehensive video about the APA 7th edition Publication Manual

Citation Managers and APA Style

All of the popular citation managers offer APA Style as a format. If you use a citation manager such as RefWorks, Zotero, or EndNote, you will see APA Style represented, and those tools will format the citations and produce bibliographies in the style. See the main tab on this guide labeled "Tools" for information on citation managers.

APA 7th style tutorial

APA Style at RUL

APA Style Resources

SPECIAL NOTICE TO ALL NEEDING ACCESS TO APA STYLE RESOURCES (INCLUDING THE FULL PUBLICATION MANUAL, 7th EDITION) DURING THE SPRING or SUMMER 2020 SEMESTER OF RUTGERS. (Note, now that the deadline has passed for free access to the APA Style Manual.  Online access is still available for a fee via individual ebook purchase -or through RedShelf or VitalSource (link to VitalSource and RedShelf listed below). The full style manual is no longer (after May 25, 2020) free through these services. See other sources of information on APA style (such as OWL) in other areas of this APA Style page.

Please see other useful APA style resources (including "A free Academic Writer® tutorial: Basics of Seventh Edition APA Style")  from  this APA website:

and please check this APA Style page to see if what you need is there. It's a wealth of style info, with examples for references:


More information on available APA style resources:

APA's recent communication states: "APA does not have an institutional license model for APA’s Publication Manual, but electronic versions are available at Vital Source ( and RedShelf ( To help students in need of APA Style guidance, tutorials and quick guides adapted from Academic Writer®, APA’s tool for teaching and learning effective writing, are now freely available through July 1, 2020. The Basics of Seventh Edition APA Style tutorial and other material will stay on the site for free after that date. "

Please also note that the 7th edition publication manual is not available for institutional site license purchase, so there is not an option for purchase by the Rutgers University Libraries for the entire Rutgers community in online format. Please see APA's resources available at the large link above, the paper manual from Amazon or APA, and the OWL at Purdue for some tips.


Information on 7th edition style: As of late October, 2019, The new APA Style 7th edition (with many changes) has been released, and is now available at some of the reference/reserve desks at the Libraries. Please see available copies at: Please check to see if you should be using 7th edition, or if you may continue (for various projects and publications) using the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. There is no electronic version of the current (6th or 7th ed.) style manual available in the Rutgers libraries. The Publication Manual is available in paper or e-version for individual purchase as well from APA or other vendors. Citation managers, such as EndNote, RefWorks and others will be incorporating the new 7th edition material, but that is also not widely available yet.

Some suggested links to more information about APA 7th edition:

The following APA sites have a lot of information that's included in the 7th edition of the Publication Manual...including information on writing and formatting papers (beyond just how to format citations):

and for specific examples of citation styles, see:
and for changes found in the 7th edition:
Reference Examples, 7th edition

and a longer video about the new 7th edition and how it differs from the 6th:

Also, see the information on using the OWL at Purdue (to the left on this page); many use this for examples of 7th edition style, very useful.

For those still using the 6th edition:

The Rutgers University Libraries include the style manuals published by the APA. As of the most recent (2010) 6th edition, these manuals are only available in their entirety in paper format. To see Rutgers Libraries' holdings of the 6th edition (corrected second printing), please see the full title: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association in QuickSearch. Search under "Title Begins With."All of the Rutgers libraries should hold copies of these books. Some are in reference stacks, some not, most under call number BF76.

For comprehensive information about APA style, and to contact APA with tricky questions, please go to the APA style blog at: 

To get quick assistance with your detailed questions from APA's style experts, you can email them directly from the blog. In addition to the blog,  APA Style is also on Facebook and Twitter

DOIs-now required by APA style

Use of DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is now preferred when using APA style. DOIs can be found on many articles, and in many indexing sources. If no DOI is available for an individual article, try searching "CrossRef" with the known article information here: ( ) or by using the CrossRef Metadata Search. Most publishers have now assigned DOIs to articles even from the distant past. Tip: Always cut and paste DOIs for best results.

Psychology/Behavioral Sciences Librarian; Open Access Specialist

Laura Bowering Mullen's picture
Laura Bowering Mullen
Rutgers Library of Science and Medicine
165 Bevier Road
Busch Campus
Piscataway, NJ 08854-8009 (email is the best way to contact me)

For access to selected publications, please see:

Tips for accessing RedShelf and VitalSource for APA style

Tips for connecting to the freely available (online until May 25, 2020) Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition, 2020 (as well as 6th edition)


Reminders: You must set up a personal account and create a new password for access to the APA style manual through these two “non-library” services (RedShelf or VitalSource). These interim free services are made available by the American Psychological Association (APA) to assist with online education during the novel coronavirus pandemic. Your usual NetID and password will not work with these sites, and they are not connected to RU libraries at all. For any technical questions in using the sites, please contact “help” at those sites for assistance. We cannot vouch for the quality of the sites or the experience of using them. We don’t recommend one service over the other. Each has similar features, and each is working with APA on this initiative. There are other style resources available from both services as well.

RedShelf Access:

Go to:


In the upper right, click Log In

Next screen, click Create a New Account

Enter your information, create a password

Select your RU campus from the list (just start typing Rutgers to bring up the choices)


You will receive a verification email; once you respond you can start your search for the style manual

Scroll way down and click on the black box that says “Access Free eBooks.”

Up at the top where it says “RedShelf,” you will see a search box for title. Type in Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

You will have some results of “books to borrow.” Make sure you are looking at the orange one if you want the 7th edition. 6th edition is the first blue one.

Once you have chosen the book, see the small box under the book that says “View Ebook”

You will be in the 7th edition and can navigate through the content.

Note: if you need to cite specific page numbers, don’t look at the large page number on top, but the exact pages are in small boxes on the right hand side of the content.

VitalSource Access:

Go to

Look down to the bottom of the page and click on “how to get started…”

Scroll to the bottom, and select the Bookshelf Login Box

Next screen, click Create a New Account

Enter your information, create a password


You will receive a verification email; once you respond you can start your search for the style manual

Here is a help page for creating a new account:

When you come back next time, scroll all the way down and click on Helpful Links/Bookshelf login.

You should now see your APA manual all ready to “continue reading.”

Page numbers for this version are in the lower left corner and are not as exact. It’s difficult to tell exactly where the page starts.

For more on available APA style resources at this time:



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