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Psychology & Behavioral Sciences: APA Style

This subject research guide serves as a roadmap to the psychology resources available at the Rutgers University Libraries

Web Resources for APA Style

The box directly to the right details authoritative sources for information on APA Style. There are some web resources that have distilled information from those choices and make them available online. Note that there is NO complete APA Style Guide online.

These sources offer some style information:

The Owl at Purdue Purdue University
Provides a section "Research and Citation" that covers citation format information for the American Sociological Association (ASA) style, Chicago Manual of Style, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, and Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). OWL at Purdue has recently updated their excellent online resources to reflect the new (October, 2019) 7th edition of APA style.  Please go to the APA Style section of OWL at:

Paraphrasing of psychology content

Comprehensive video about the APA 7th edition Publication Manual

Citation Managers and APA Style

All of the popular citation managers offer APA Style as a format. If you use a citation manager such as RefWorks, Zotero, or EndNote, you will see APA Style represented, and those tools will format the citations and produce bibliographies in the style. See the main tab on this guide labeled "Tools" for information on citation managers.

APA 7th style tutorial

APA Style at RUL

APA Style Resources

SPECIAL NOTICE TO ALL NEEDING ACCESS TO APA STYLE RESOURCES (INCLUDING THE FULL PUBLICATION MANUAL, 7th EDITION) DURING THE Fall 2020 SEMESTER at RUTGERS. (Please note: the deadline has passed for the free access to the APA Style Manual. There was complimentary online access in the Spring of 2020.  Online access is still available for a fee via individual ebook purchase only. The full style manual is not available online via site license to universities, and therefore we do not have online access via our collections. While we have print copies of the style manual, they are not available to circulate out of our reference collections during the COVID pandemic.  The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition (2020) is available for individual print purchase also. See other sources of information on APA style (such as APA Style Blog or  OWL at Purdue) in other areas of this APA Style page. Information on OWL is in the box to the left of this screen.

Please see other useful APA style resources (including "A free Academic Writer® tutorial: Basics of Seventh Edition APA Style")  from  this APA website:

and please check this APA Style page to see if what you need is there. It's a wealth of style info, with examples for references:

More information on available APA style resources(from APA):

"APA does not have an institutional license model for APA’s Publication Manual (as one is not available). To help students in need of APA Style guidance, tutorials and quick guides adapted from Academic Writer®, APA’s tool for teaching and learning effective writing, are now freely available through July 1, 2020 (and maybe after that). The Basics of Seventh Edition APA Style tutorial and other material will stay on the site for free after that date. "

Please also note that the 7th edition publication manual is not available for institutional site license purchase, so there is not an option for purchase by the Rutgers University Libraries for the entire Rutgers community in online format. Please see APA's resources available at the large link above, the paper manual from Amazon or APA, and the OWL at Purdue for some tips.


Information on 7th edition style: As of late October, 2019, The new APA Style 7th edition (with many changes) has been released, and is now available at some of the reference/reserve desks at the Libraries. Please see available copies at: Please check to see if you should be using 7th edition, or if you may continue (for various projects and publications) using the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. There is no electronic version of the current (6th or 7th ed.) style manual available in the Rutgers libraries. The Publication Manual is available in paper or e-version for individual purchase as well from APA or other vendors. Citation managers, such as EndNote, RefWorks and others will be incorporating the new 7th edition material, but that is also not widely available yet.

Some suggested links to more information about APA 7th edition:

The following APA sites have a lot of information that's included in the 7th edition of the Publication Manual...including information on writing and formatting papers (beyond just how to format citations):

and for specific examples of citation styles, see:
and for changes found in the 7th edition:
Reference Examples, 7th edition

and a longer video about the new 7th edition and how it differs from the 6th:

Also, see the information on using the OWL at Purdue (to the left on this page); many use this for examples of 7th edition style, very useful.

For those still using the 6th edition:

The Rutgers University Libraries include the style manuals published by the APA. As of the most recent (2010) 6th edition, these manuals are only available in their entirety in paper format. To see Rutgers Libraries' holdings of the 6th edition (corrected second printing), please see the full title: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association in QuickSearch. Search under "Title Begins With."All of the Rutgers libraries should hold copies of these books. Some are in reference stacks, some not, most under call number BF76.

For comprehensive information about APA style, and to contact APA with tricky questions, please go to the APA style blog at: 

To get quick assistance with your detailed questions from APA's style experts, you can email them directly from the blog. In addition to the blog,  APA Style is also on Facebook and Twitter

DOIs-now required by APA style

Use of DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is now preferred when using APA style. DOIs can be found on many articles, and in many indexing sources. If no DOI is available for an individual article, try searching "CrossRef" with the known article information here: ( ) or by using the CrossRef Metadata Search. Most publishers have now assigned DOIs to articles even from the distant past. Tip: Always cut and paste DOIs for best results.

Psychology/Behavioral Sciences Librarian; Open Access Specialist

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Laura Bowering Mullen
Rutgers Library of Science and Medicine
165 Bevier Road
Busch Campus
Piscataway, NJ 08854-8009 (email is the best way to contact me)

For access to selected publications, please see:

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