Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
rutgers library logo dark

Middle Eastern Studies : Religion

Resources and content of interest for researchers and students of Middle Eastern Studies

Islam

Bird's-eye view of uncrowded Kaaba

 

Bird's-eye view of uncrowded Kaaba from the Library of Congress, public domain.

Islam is the biggest religion in the Middle East, making up a majority of religious practitioners in every country besides Israel, with 1.8 billion practitioners worldwide, being the 2nd biggest religion after Christianity. It originated in Arabia in the 7th century with Muhammad being it's founder and chief prophet, and is a monotheistic religion. It initially spread all through the Middle East and North Africa, and has since spread world-wide.

There are two main branches of Islam, Shia and Sunni. Islam's two major texts are the Quran and the Hadith. The Quran is believed to be 'God's word' while the Hadith are the sayings and actions of Muhammad recorded in tradition. The Hadith give much of the traditions that Muslims in the middle east will follow, with Sahih Bukhari being perhaps the most well-known collection of Hadith. There are also sirahs, which are biographies of Muhammad's life.

Rutgers Access: 

ATLA Religion Database

Religion Library Guide

Encyclopedia of the Quran

Free Access: 

Encyclopedia of Religion and Society

Database of Masjids, Mosques and Islamic Centers in the U.S.

Islamic Texts:

The Quran

Hadith

Judaism

Other Religions

Christianity is a minority religion throughout the Middle East, with larger numbers in Lebanon, Israel, and Egypt. There are also small religious groups like the Yazidis.

Books

RUTGERS.EDU | SEARCH RUTGERS.EDU

© , Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Rutgers is an equal access/equal opportunity institution. Individuals with disabilities are encouraged to direct suggestions, comments, or complaints concerning any accessibility issues with Rutgers websites to accessibility@rutgers.edu or complete the Report Accessibility Barrier / Provide Feedback form.