Giza. Pyramid of Khufu and Sphinx Data from: A.D. White Architectural Photographs, Cornell University Library
The ancient Egyptians are well known for their architecture and sculptures: from the Great Pyramids, (including a wonder of the ancient world, the Great Pyramid of Giza) their giant burial structures for pharaohs to the Spinx to the Colossi of Ramesses II . The Babylonians created the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, but little of their architecture or art survives today (similarly with the ancient Assyrians and Persians.)
Islamic art was centered on their mosques, which were and are often rectangle-shaped, and are distinctive for their minarets. Throughout the ages they have sometimes been adorned with brilliant mosaics and tiles on the floor, made up of many geometrical shapes, from cubes, polygons, spirals, swirls, floral forms, etc, which Islamic Art was famous for. Art started off slowly in the Middle East, as many Muslims believed that the Quran forbid drawings, but that belief has slowly changed, and art is now flourishing in the Middle East.
Middle Eastern Architecture
Middle Eastern Art
Art Museums in the Middle East
For another resource, go to the Rutgers Library guide for Islamic Art and Architecture.