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Japanese-Americans: Perspectives on Trans-Pacific Relations, WWII Internment, Meaning of Loyalty, Motherhood & Childhood, and Labor at Seabrook.: Motherhood & Childhood

Background information on Japanese American Internment for the students in the Knowledge & Power, mission course of Douglass Residential College, Fall '16. (Originally created for the Rutgers High School Institute Seminar. Spring '14)

Japanese Picture Brides

"On the boat we carried our husbands' pictures in tiny oval lockets that hung on long chains from our necks."

(from The Buddha in the Attic by Julie Otsuka)

The picture bride practice was essential in the establishment of Japanese community in both, Hawai'i and in the continental United States. 

Family and Work

Nakamura Family. 1910/1920. California State University. Sacramento Library

Family Life at Internment Camps

Mothers & Children

Asparagus Packing Lines   

The Seabrook Farms preferred women labor to work with detailed tasks, such as vegetable packing lines. The food processing plant had two 12 hour shifts. 

Children at the Child Care Nursery

The Seabrook Farms administration knew they woud have to provide child care if they expected the parents to work long hours. By 1950, over a hundred youngsters were enrolled at the Seabrook Child Care Center. They attended Monday through Saturday from 7:30am until 6:00pm and received a hot lunch, an inexhaustible supply of milk, fruit juice, and snacks, and a daily dose of cod liver oil. (Kim LeMoon, 2013)



Preserving Heritage: Girls Day Display  

Mothers at Seabrook created and ran organizations, social clubs, houses of worship, and held special ethnic events to preserve traditions among their children. The dolls of the Girls Day festival is one example. 



I Remember... is a collection of essays written by former Seabrook residents about their life at Seabrook community. 

I remember Girls Sports by Iddie T. Asada

I remember Hoover Vilage by Iddie T. Asada

I remember my mother at Seabrook by Hazel Okino Ritchey

I remember Seabrook: the Bookmobile and Other Memories by Emiko Noguchi Herold


Morril, Jan. The Red Kimono. University of Arkansas Press, 2013. 

Otsuka, Julie. The Buddha in the Attic. PEN/Faulkner Award - Fiction. 2012 winne ed. New York: Anchor Books, 2012.

- - - - - - - - - - . When the Emperor was Divine. London: Penguin, 2002. 


Arrlington, Leonard J. "Price of Prejudice" in Three short works on Japanese Americans ed. by Roger Daniels. New York: Arno, 1978.

Nakano, Mei T. Japanese American Women: Three Generations, 1890-1990. San Francisco: National Japanese Amerian Historical Society, 1990. 


Aki Kurose, 1924-1998

Wakako Yamauchi, 1924-

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