Male reproductive health and policy
The study of male reproductive health is called andrology. Although research interest in male infertility dates to 1881, the term andrology wasn't coined until 1951. Even after the concept had been introduced it took decades for the research to become mainstream. Andrology is important because contraception and fertility treatment burdens are often placed on females, even when their male counterparts are infertile. The article "‘Man Up’: the importance and strategy for placing male reproductive health centre stage in the political and research agenda" further expands on this topic. In terms of policy, male reproductive health doesn't appear to be as policed as female reproductive health, however, there are a number of restrictive practices, such as singular reliance on semen analysis or the role gynecologists (who are often untrained in male fertility) as gatekeepers to fertility treatments. Another article from Human Reproduction journal details gatekeeping further.
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