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Citing Sources of Information: Writing for the Health Sciences - RBHS: Citing Sources

This LibGuide was designed to provide you with assistance in citing your sources when writing an academic paper.

The Writing Center

The RBHS Writing Center provides writing tutoring to RBHS undergraduate and graduate students. Professional tutors will offer support in critical reading, research, and writing skills. Both in-person and virtual sessions are available by appointment.

Tutoring will be available during the following hours for the Spring 2017 semester:

2017 Fall Hours

  • Mondays 12 noon – 5:00p.m.
  • Fridays 12 noon-- 5:00p.m.

For an Appointment

  • Call:  973-972-0661
  • E-mail:
  • Visit:

The RBHS Writing Center is located in the E-Classroom of the George F. Smith Library (the first classroom on the right). 

We will respond to all phone messages and emails during regularly scheduled hours.



citation reflects all of the information a person would need to locate a particular source. For example, basic citation information for a book consists of name(s) of author(s) or editor(s), title of book, name of publisher, place of publication, and most recent copyright date.
A citation style dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting. 
bibliography lists citations for all of the relevant resources a person consulted during his or her research.
In an annotated bibliography, each citation is followed by a brief note—or annotation—that describes and/or evaluates the source and the information found in it.
works cited list presents citations for those sources referenced in a particular paper, presentation, or other composition.
An in-text citation consists of just enough information to correspond to a source's full citation in a Works Cited list. In-text citations often require a page number (or numbers) showing exactly where relevant information was found in the original source.

When to Cite

You need to cite when:

  • using a direct quotation, even if it is in quotation marks
  • using facts that are not common knowledge (what the reader can reasonably be expected to know)
  • paraphrasing or rewriting the author’s ideas
  • summarizing the data or argument of an author
  • using the key words or phrases from the author or using synonyms
  • mentioning the author’s name in your text
  • writing a sentence that mostly consists of your own thoughts, but you have made a reference to another author’s ideas

 When in doubt, err on the side of caution, and cite. 

Medical Librarian

Peggy Dreker, MPA, MLS's picture
Peggy Dreker, MPA, MLS
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey George F. Smith Library of the Health Sciences
Information & Education Department
(973) 972-9549
Website / Blog Page
Subjects:Health Sciences