To find other materials on policies and services for Native Americans, check The Library Catalog with the SUBJECT Keywords:
Many of the titles listed in the Catalog are government documents and will be available electronically.
19th into the 20th Century
Jackson, Helen Hunt. A Century of Dishonor: The Early Crusade for Indian Reform. Andrew F. Rolle (ed.), New York, Harper & Row, 1965.
Hunt's 1881 publication about the unjust treatment that Indians were receiving at the hands of the federal government triggered pressure for reform of Indian policies which resulted in the 1887 Dawes Act.
Dana Call Number: E93 .J13 1965
Dawes Severalty Act (1887)
Under the Dawes Act Indian tribes lost their legal standing and all tribal lands were converted to individual ownership. Note: Select "document transcript" to see the actual text of the Act.
Oskison, John M. " Remaining Causes of Indian Discontent," North American Review 184, March 1, 1907, 486-493.
Wilkins, David E. "
Transformations in Supreme Court Thought: The Irresistible Force (Federal Indian Law & Policy) Meets the Movable Object
(American Indian Tribe Status)," Social Science Journal 30(2), April 1, 1993, 181-207.
Analyzes "107 federal court cases involving American Indian tribal sovereignty and federal pleary [sic] power rendered between 1870 and 1921... [with a] focus on the Court's role in formulating public policy towards American Indian tribes in four major issue areas: congressional power, criminal law, allotment and membership, and natural resources." Restricted Access.
Critchlow, Donald T. "
Lewis Meriam, Expertise, and Indian Reform," Historian 43(3), May 1981, 325-344.
After years of criticism of the U.S. Indian Service, in the Spring of 1926 Lewis Meriam of the Institute for Government Research was asked to investigate the prevailing social conditions among American Indians. His subsequent report, The Problem of Indian Administration (1928) is considered a major turning point in federal Indian policy. Restricted Access.
A New Deal for the American Indian. Literary Digiest April 7, 1938.
Indian Reorganization Act [Wheeler-Howard Act]. June 18, 1934.
Part of the "Indian New Deal," the Indian Reorganization Act reversed the Dawes Act of 1887 by returning lands to tribal control.
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