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While other employment law is administered or enforced by the DOL (and other subagencies), the best government resource for discrimination law is the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The EEOC provides leadership and guidance while also handling individual complaints. Many states have additional or complementary laws regarding various types of discrimination.
NJ Division on Civil Rights
Enforces the NJ state Law Against Discrimination (LAD). Includes many resources and legal guides.
ACLU: Defending Targets of Discrimination
"The goal of the Fighting Intolerance and Discrimination in the Law initiative is to ensure that everyone is treated equally under the law by ensuring that the courts and legislatures are used to end, rather than codify, discrimination in the laws."
National Committe on Pay Equity
"The National Committee on Pay Equity (NCPE), founded in 1979, is a coalition of women's and civil rights organizations; labor unions; religious, professional, legal, and educational associations, commissions on women, state and local pay equity coalitions and individuals working to eliminate sex- and race-based wage discrimination and to achieve pay equity."
Racial Discrimination in Employment
Gender Discrimination & Sexual Harassment in Employment
Department of Labor: Women's Bureau
A federal bureau which "develops policies and standards and conducts inquiries to safeguard the interests of working women; to advocate for their equality and economic security for themselves and their families; and to promote quality work environments." Includes publications and statistics/data.
Know Your Rights: Sex Discrimination
An online guide published by the Equal Rights Advocates, a non-profit legal group.
Employment I National Women's Law Center
Guide from the NWLC (a legislative advocacy group) on such subjects as paycheck fairness and sexual harassment law.
EEOC: Sexual Harassment
Describes what constitutes sexual harassment in the legal sense; links to legislation, regulations, suggested policies, and statistics.
Age Discrimination in Employment
Disabilities and Discrimination in the Workplace
EEOC: Disability Discrimination
Explains what constitutes discrimination against people with disabilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act, links to legislation, regulations, and factsheets.
Disability Law: An Overview
From the Cornell Legal Information Institute, general information and resources on the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA)/other laws prohibiting disability-based employment discrimination.
Sexual Orientation and LGBT Issues
There is currently no federal law against discriminating on the basis of sexual orientation; however, 21 states have statutes outlawing it.