The C.R.A.A.P. test is a diagnostic test you can use to evaluate information sources when you encounter them in an unfamiliar or uncurated environment. For each source you are considering for use in your research - especially a web site - you must evaluate its authority and accuracy, whether or not it's advocating a particular agenda or it is an objective source, how up-to-date the information is, its depth of coverage, and its intended audience. C.R.A.A.P. stands for Currency, Reliability, Authority Accuracy and Purpose/Point of View.
For example, if you write a paper about gun violence and you want to use the National Rifle Association web site, you must be aware that they have a very particular political agenda for which they advocate (Purpose/Point of View), that they may only be aiming some of their content at NRA members (Purpose/Point of View), examine any data to make sure that it's up-to-date (Currency), and examine any data they provide to determine whether or not it covers all aspects of gun violence and its information is coming from reputable sources (Reliability) (Authority) (Accuracy).
The original article by Sarah Blakeslee introduces the CRAAP test as an information quality metric. Blakeslee, Sarah (2004) "The CRAAP Test," LOEX Quarterly: Vol. 31 : Iss. 3 , Article 4. Available at: https://commons.emich.edu/loexquarterly/vol31/iss3/4
Vanessa Otero, 2018. "Media Bias Chart 4.0" Ad fontes media. Retrieved from https://www.adfontesmedia.com/intro-to-the-media-bias-chart/
Questions to Ask in Web Site Evaluation
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