As per the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce.
IP is protected in law by, for example, patents, copyright and trademarks, which enable people to earn recognition or financial benefit from what they invent or create. By striking the right balance between the interests of innovators and the wider public interest, the IP system aims to foster an environment in which creativity and innovation can flourish.
Two good WIPO sources:
How to Search for Patents
This information prepared by USPTO provides FAQ for US patent information. This site is extremely useful to help guide new users though the patent search process.
USPTO Web Patent Database
A freely searchable database (full-text since 1976, full-page images since 1790). 1790-1976 is only searchable by patent numbers and current US Classifications. Images are available as tiff files, one page at a time.
European Patent Office Home Page
From this site you can get access to the European Patent Office's search engine: esp@cenet. It is a free Internet service from the European Patent Organization. You can use it to search 45 million patent documents from all over the world from 1836 to today. EPO also has a Helpful Resources page.
World Intellectual Property Organization PCT Database
Search or browse World Patent bibliographic data, abstract and drawing of published PCT applications. Abstracts in English, with full patent image in the language of the inventor's country.
China and Global Patent Examination Information Inquiry
On-line service system established to meet the inquiry demand from applicants, patent right owners, patent agencies and the general public. The Global Patent Examination Information Inquiry is used for retrieving data for inventions filed with the EPO, JPO, Korea Intellectual Property Office (KIPO), USPTO and State Intellectual Property Office of the P.R.C. (SIPO).
Japanese Patent Databases
One can conduct search in English in the following areas: FI/F-term Search, Patent Abstracts of Japan, Patent Map Guidance and Laws and Guidelines.
Google Patent Search - covers the entire collection of patents made available by the USPTO patents issued in the 1790s through those issued in the middle of 2006. Currently it does not include patent applications, international patents, or U.S. patents issued over the last few months. One can either do a general search or use the Advanced Patent Search feature.
For more detailed information on patents, see the Patent LibGuide
Office of Research Commercialization - The ORC at Rutgers University provides "patenting, marketing, licensing, start-up company formation and other commercialization support to our student and faculty researchers at three campuses throughout New Jersey." Use the Techfinder link to search for available technologies.
Standards are written descriptions of the criteria for a specific product, process, test, or procedure that is agreed to by formal processes. Here lists several sites of standard databases.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
ANSI delivers enterprise-wide, electronic access to the most standards collections. Entire document collections are available via the ANSI Online Electronic Standards Store (ESS). Thousands of standards are ready for immediate download with a fee.
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Compass
A collection of industry-leading standards and technical engineering information containing ASTM's 13,000 standards in more than 130 industry areas, symposia and Special Technical Publications (STPs), manuals, monographs, data series, and journals.
Standards and Specifications written by Scholarly Societies
Provides by the University of Waterloo, the site links to standards-developing societies and associations from around the world.
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