Among the many surrogates or summaries of corporate financial information are these time-tested sources:
Mergent Online, the electronic version (Rutgers-restricted Access) of the Mergent/Moody's Manuals, covers 22,000 public companies worldwide. (Latest issues: DANA REF Index Table I, CARR Business Counter 2; 1901 onwards: DANA HG stacks.
Compact D/SEC from Primark. On CD-ROM from 1988 to 2006. (CAMDEN, DANA REF CD-ROM, CARR Business Workstation 2)
Standard & Poor's Corporation Records (DANA REF Index Table I, CARR Business Counter 2)
Hoover's Handbooks (DANA Reference Desk, CARR Business Counter 1) or Hoover's Online. The detailed company profiles are now accessible via WestlawNext . (Rutgers-restricted access) After you select News,
Hoover's Company Profiles is a link on the right menu and you can search by company name or ticker symbol.
Compensation details are often buried in the company's Proxy Statement filed with the SEC. Start with the EDGAR Company Search and limit your results by Form Type "DEF 14A" (Schedule 14A is the definitive proxy statement). In many cases, these filings go back to 1993.
EDGAR, the Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval system, performs automated collection, validation, indexing, acceptance, and forwarding of submissions by companies and others who are required by law to file forms with the US Securities and Exchange Commission. Refer to the Guide to SEC Filings from Thomson Research.
The US SEC maintains annual listings of International Registered and Reporting Companies, those foreign-owned firms that are required to file periodic reports.
EDGAR Filings and Forms include 10-Ks (annual reports for US firms), 10-Qs (quarterly reports), 20-Fs (annual reports for foreign firms) and DEF 14As (proxy statements) of public companies from 1994 forward.
EDGAR documents are also available from:
Pre-EDGAR documents may be purchased from:
The Dana Library has a collection of 10K reports from 1973 to 2002; as well as annual reports for NYSE and AMEX companies from 1966 to 2002. These reports are on CD-ROM from 1989 to 2002 (DANA REF LaserDisclosure Workstation); earlier years are on microfiche. Extracts from 10-K reports and annual reports to shareholders may also be found on Compact D/SEC, a monthly series of CD-ROMs, with annual and quarterly data from 1987 to 2006.
Below is a typical table of contents for a 10-K report.
Over the years, the US Government Accountability Office (formerly US General Accounting Office) has prepared several compilations of companies which restated their financial statements:
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