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DNP Doctor of Nursing Practice

The Difference Between a DNP and a PhD

The PhD in Nursing will remain the accepted degree for nurse scientists. A PhD in nursing prepares nurse scientists who will GENERATE EVIDENCE to guide effective and safe nursing care. Whereas, a DNP degree prepares "practice" experts who will TRANSLATE EVIDENCE into practice across a variety of patient care settings.

Systematic Review Proposal Outline

Developing a Protocol for a Systematic Review Using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Method published by the New Jersey Centre for Evidence Based Healthcare and Patient Outcome Research and the UMDNJ School of Nursing.

IRB / Human Subject Protection Student Hanbook

A Guide to Human Subjects’ Protection in Research

Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey, is legally and ethically bound to protect the rights and welfare of humans participating in research conducted by its faculty, staff and students. Federal regulation, state law, University policy and professional standards of the investigator’s academic discipline demand compliant, ethical and responsible conduct of social, behavioral and biomedical research involving human subjects.

The IRB offer this Handbook to help students meet their regulatory and ethical responsibilities when conducting research involving human subjects. The IRB Office answer a number of questions students new to research may have about working with an IRB and identify where to find additional resources.

The Office of Research Regulatory Affairs (ORRA) recognizes the value of student participation in the research process. It is a valuable learning experience that helps ensure future social benefit from the efforts of well-trained researchers. All students are encouraged to contact the Office directly if they need help navigating the IRB process. Contact your School’s designated IRB office, A staff person will partner with you to ensure your project proceeds promptly and compliantly. 

Evidence Based Pyramid

The "evidence pyramid" is often used to illustrate the levels of evidence in the literature. When beginning your search for evidence, begin at the highest possible tier. 

Filtered information is "pre-appraised." This means that the content has been filtered to include studies and reviews that are of higher quality. Keep in mind that the amount of available literature and the number of problems covered gets smaller as you move up the pyramid.

Unfiltered information represents the original studies. These tiers may not contain studies of high quality and strong evidence, but they cover a much broader range of clinical problems and are much more available.

Evidence Based Practice

Centre Evidence Based Medicine

Assess the quality of systematic reviews, diagnostic studies and randomized controlled studies.


Levels of Evidence

Descriptions of Levels of Evidence by clinical study category, and Grades of Recommendations


Asking Focused Clinical Questions

Use to help you build a PICO question.



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