Chicago Style originated with the publication of the first edition of the Chicago Manual of Style in 1906. Created by the University of Chicago and published by the University of Chicago Press, Chicago Style is commonly used as a writing and citation guide for publications in the Humanities and Social Sciences.
Chicago style is noted for having two formats. The first is the Notes and Bibliography Style, a style which focuses on footnotes, endnotes, as well as a bibliography. The second is the Author-Date Style which uses parenthetical, in-text citations along with a reference or works cited list.
The first format is often used in the Humanities, while the second format is often used in the Social Sciences. Other factors, such as subject matter and the nature of the works cited, might also influence the choice between the two.
Book - Bibliography Entries
Peters, Elizabeth. The Ape Who Guards the Balance : an Amelia Peabody Mystery 1st ed. New York, N.Y: Avon Twilight, 1998.
Jones, Susan R., and Abes, Elisa S. Identity Development of College Students Advancing Frameworks for Multiple Dimensions of Identity 1st ed. San Francisco, Calif: Jossey-Bass, 2013.
Use the link above to find additional examples of Bibliographic Citations and Notes.
Book - Reference List Entries
Peters, Elizabeth. 1998. The Ape Who Guards the Balance : an Amelia Peabody Mystery 1st ed. New York, N.Y: Avon Twilight.
Jones, Susan R., and Abes, Elisa S. 2013. Identity Development of College Students Advancing Frameworks for Multiple Dimensions of Identity 1st ed. San Francisco, Calif: Jossey-Bass.
Use the link above to find additional examples of Reference List Entries and In-Text Citations.
Chicago Manual / February 3, 2015
Turabian = Kate L. Turabian’s Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations
Turabian is the student version of The Chicago Manual of Style, aimed at high school and college students who are writing papers, theses, and dissertations that are not intended for publication. The Chicago Manual of Style is aimed at professional scholars and publishers. The two books are compatible; both are official Chicago style.
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