Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

21:082:291:01 Representing Gender in the Modern Middle East

Research resources for Dr. Alexandra Seggerman's course.

Everything you did - and didn't - want to know about Copyright & Citing Sources

Copyright: Things to keep in mind

"Public Domain" does NOT mean the same thing as "available on the Internet." "Public Domain" is a very specific legal term that refers to something that is not copyrighted because 1. The creator decided to put it in the public domain. These days, when someone does this, they usually use a Creative Commons license. 2. The creator has allowed the copyrightt to expire and not submitted any paperwork to maintain their copyrights.

Unless there is a notice that says otherwise, things on the Internet are, by default, copyrighted.

When a web site offers up photos or clip are "for free," that only means they aren't going to charge you money for them. That does not mean they are not copyrighted.

The best place to find information about copyright on a web site are in the "Terms of Service," "Terms and Conditions," "Terms of Use," or other parts of the web site that talk about criteria that users of the site must adhere to.

Citing Sources: Things to keep in mind

Plagiarism comes in many forms. In order to avoid plagiarism, you need to know what it looks like. Here's a quick guide to 10 types of plagiarism from Turnitin. Plagiarism includes but is not limited to:  Click for more options

"Turning in someone else's work as your own
 Copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit
 Failing to put a quotation in quotation marks
 Giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation
 Changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit
 Copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not (see our section on "fair use" rules)" - (2017). What is plagiarism? In (web site), Retrieved from

  • You must ALWAYS cite your sources for any content you use.
  • If you find something on the Internet, you must cite it.
  • When using objects from the Internet, you often have to investigate to get all the information for a proper citation.
  • If you get any content - video, audio, pictures, text - ANYTHING - from another source, you must always cite it.
  • If you didn't make a piece of content you are using, you must cite it.
  • If you DID make a piece of content you are using - such as a photograph, video, or audio - you should cite it.

How to cite an image in APA format from the Colgate Visual Resources Library.            

How to cite an image in Chicago format from the Colgate Visual Resources Library.

How to a reference for a YouTube video from the APA Style Blog.                

Timestamps for Audiovisual materials in APA Style from the APA Style Blog.

How to cite video in Chicago format from the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL).

Archivist, Rutgers-Newark Archives

Profile Photo
Angela Lawrence
Dana Library, 4th Floor
185 University Avenue
Newark, NJ 07102
(973) 353-3797
Subjects: Music

© , Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Rutgers is an equal access/equal opportunity institution. Individuals with disabilities are encouraged to direct suggestions, comments, or complaints concerning any accessibility issues with Rutgers websites to or complete the Report Accessibility Barrier / Provide Feedback form.