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Open Alcohol Studies Resources: Copyright

This virtual toolkit and research guide was created specifically for the needs of participants of seminars and certificate programs hosted at the Center of Alcohol Studies, as well as other guest users.

What is Copyright?

Copyright basics:

  • It is based on the principle of respecting the copyright owner, the person who created the work.  
  • Just because you own a copy of the book, CD, poster, art work, or film doesn't mean you have the right to make copies of the material. The purchase of the item only means that you own a personal copy. Making reproductions to sell most likely is not within your rights. 
What works are protected? 
Most original works are protected by copyright. The U.S. Copyright law places copyrightable works in the following broad categories: 
  • Literary works
  • Musical works, including any accompanying words
  • Dramatic works, including any accompanying music
  • Pantomimes and choreographic works
  • Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works
  • Motion pictures and other audiovisual works
  • Sound recordings
  • Architectural works

The copyright holder has exclusive rights to:

  • Reproduction
  • Derivative works
  • Public distribution
  • Public performance
  • Public Display
  • Public Performance by means of digital audio transmission


Copyright and Fair Use

The Fair Use limitation enable uses of copyrighted works without prior permission or payment of a royalty. In determining that the use made of a work is a fair use, we need to consider the following:

  • Purpose the character of use: education, research, transformative use, non-commercial use
  • Nature of the copyrighted work: published, informational, nonfictional
  • Amount of portion of work used from the copyrighted work: small portion, non-essential portion
  • Effect: no major effect on market or potential market for work

Have Questions About Copyright?

Please see the below links for more information.