Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
rutgers library logo dark

Presentations in Medicine & Science: Preparing the Presentation

Resources to help assist you make good presentations in different formats. Posters and oral presentations

Preaparing the Presentation

There are four things you must consider before you do your oral presentation

  • Message
  • Audience
  • Purpose
  • Occasion (setting and circumstances)

What do you want the presentation to do?

  • Present a new patient to your preceptor: The amount of detail will be determined by your preceptor. It is also likely to reflect your development and experience, with less detail being required as you progress.
  • Present your patient at working or teaching rounds: The amount of detail will be determined by the customs of the group. The focus of the presentation will be influenced by the learning objectives of working responsibilities of the group.
  • Request a consultant’s advice on a clinical problem: The presentation will be focused on the clinical question being posed to the consultant.
  • Persuade others about a diagnosis and plan: A shorter presentation which highlights the pertinent positives and negatives that are germane to the diagnosis and/or plan being suggested.
  • Enlist cooperation required for patient care: A short presentation focusing on the impact your audience can have in addressing the patient’s issues.


  1. Patient evaluation: history, physical examination, review of tests, studies, procedures, and consultants’ recommendations.
  2. Selected reading: reference texts; to build a foundational understanding.
  3. Literature search: for further elucidation of any key references from selected reading, and to bring your understanding up to date, since reference text information is typically three to seven years old.
  4. Write-up: for oral presentation, just succinct notes to serve as a reminder or reference, since you’re not going to be reading your presentation.


Be prepared to answer questions about the following:

  • Etiology
  • Pathophysiology
  • Diagnosis
  • Complications
  • Differential diagnosis
  • Course of conditions
  • Treatment
  • Diagnostic tests
  • Medications

Tools / Databases:

  1. Ovid
  2. Pub Med
  3. Essential Evidence Plus
  4. MD Consult

© , Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Rutgers is an equal access/equal opportunity institution. Individuals with disabilities are encouraged to direct suggestions, comments, or complaints concerning any accessibility issues with Rutgers websites to or complete the Report Accessibility Barrier / Provide Feedback form.