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History and College Life : Title IX and Women's Athletics

This guide presents select resources on Douglass and Rutgers Colleges' history. Originally created for the History and College Life seminar taught by Prof. Nancy Hewitt, Fall '12. .

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Sample Subjects Headings

College sports for women

Sex discrimination against women

Sex discrimination in sports

Women athletes

United States. Education Amendment of 1972. Title IX. 

Title IX

Title IX of the Educational Amendments Act of 1972:

"Title IX is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity. ."


Primary Sources

Douglass Women's File. Folder "Sports." Douglass Library, Mabel Smith Douglass Room. 

New Jersey Women's Equity Action League was inaugurated in 1971. Print finding aid available at SC/UA. 

Records of the Rutgers U. Director of Intercollegiate Athletics (Albert W. Twitchell), 1931-1977

Rita Kay Thomas Papers. Rita Kay Thomas was hired in 1972 to oversee women's athletics at Rutgers. Partial print finding aid available at SC/UA. 


Rita Kay Thomas Obituary. Thomas was hired in 1972 to lead Rutgers women's athletics. She died in 2012. 

NCAA Gender Equity Report 

Rutgers Focus article celebrating the 25 years of women's athletics. 

Women in Intercollegiate Sports: a longituginal study thirty years later

Women's Sports Foundation

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