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The Newark Experience: Environmental Health

Environmental Health Division

Newark Environmental Health Division.
The Environmental Health Division of the Department of Child and Family Wellbeing provides comprehensive delivery of inspection services, investigations, and education programs to citizens and consumers in order to assure a healthful and protected environment. The Division includes: Animal Control; Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program; Food & Drug Bureau; Lead Safe House; Rodent Control; and Weights and Measures.

Environmental Health

Air Pollution
Lead Poisoning
Newark Bay
Passaic River

Air Pollution

Air Pollution, Meteorology and Public Health in New Jersey: Case Studies of Newark and the Meadowlands
Dawn Roberts-Semple. Thesis (Ph.D). Newark, N.J., Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, 2012.
"This dissertation adapts an integrated approach to improve understanding about the role of meteorological factors on air pollution concentrations and their cumulative effects on public health in Newark and the Meadowlands, New Jersey."
Environmental Justice Education and Atmospheric Particulate Analysis in Urban Environmental Health Policy Development: Indoor Airborne Particulate Concentrations in Preschools of Asthmatic Children in Newark.
Rita L. Thornton. Thesis (Ph.D), Rutgers University - Newark, and the New Jersey Institute of Technology, 2006.
"This study analyzes the community locations and evaluates literature and other available air pollution data for the target communities in the city of Newark. The study focuses on asthma or reative airway diseases as a target health risk. It also performs data collection on particulate pollutants and levels of trace metals in particulate matter in target communities and schools of preschool children in two of the five Wards of Newark." Available?
Outdoor Aeroallergens, Air Pollutants, and Daily Asthma Hospitalization in Two Urban Areas of New Jersey Rutgers-restricted access
Stella Manchun Tsai. Ph.D. Thesis, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey and the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 2007.
Evaluates the association between ambient aeroallergen and air pollutant concentrations and asthma hospitalization rates in Camden and in Elizabeth/Newark from 1999 to 2002. Available?
"Manganese Pollution in the City Environment and its Relationship to Traffic Density," Rutgers-restricted access
Morris M. Joselow American Journal of Public Health 68(6), June 1978, 557-560.
"Street soils from various locations...[in Newark] were analyzed for manganese and lead...Highly significant inverse relationships were found between the concentrations of both contaminants and distance from major traffic arteries."
"Benzene, Artificial Leather and Aplastic Anemia: Newark, 1916-1928,"
William D. Sharpe. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 69(1), January-February 1993, 47-60.

Lead Poisoning

"Lead Poisoning in Newark: The Situation Prior to a Case Finding and Intervention Program,"
Ann A. Browder. Journal of the Medical Society of New Jersey 69(2), February 1972, 101-6.
"Assessment of lead poisoning in Newark during the 15 months January 1, 1969 through March 31, 1970 showed that the number of children screened, treated, and followed were far below the number projected at risk of lead poisoning." Available?
"Lead Poisoning: More Than a Medical Problem,"Rutgers-restricted access
D. Jean Schneider and Marvin A. Lavenhar. American Journal of Public Health 76(3), March 1986, 242-244.
Lead paint used in pre-1950 housing is a major source of lead poisoning in children. In 1980 66 percent of Newark's housing stock predated 1950. An examination of the medical records of 236 Newark children treated for lead poisoning between 1977 and 1980 found that the number of cases began to rise after 1976, when a decrease in federal funding resulted in cutbacks in prevention and screening programs.
"Successful Ways to Increase Retention in a Longitudinal Study of Lead-Exposed Children," Rutgers-restricted access
Susan Adubato et. al. Health & Social Work 28(4), November 2003, 312-315.
Looks at the factors that contributed to a 97 percent retention rate over a five-year period in the Treatment of Lead-Exposed Children (TLC) study in Newark.
Part 2: Housing Crisis Causes Health Crisis: Lead Prevention in Newark Proves Almost Impossible.
Judy Peet and Russell Ben-Ali. November 5, 2001.
Part of a Newark Star-Ledger series on lead poisoning.
Childhood Lead Poisoning in New Jersey Annual Reports
Essex county continues to have the largest number and percentage of children with elevated blood lead results in the state. The city of Newark has the highest number of children with elevated blood levels.

Newark Bay

"Wartime Mobilization and the Newark Bay Home Front Environment: A Case Study Revealing Opportunity for Federal Leadership in Resolving Mega Site Problems" Rutgers-restricted access
Michael Reis. Environmental Claims Journal 18(4), December 2006, pp. 293-320.
Effect of Changes in Sediment and Contaminant Loads in Newark Bay on Future Disposal of Dredged Sediments Rutgers-restricted access
Thomas H. Wakeman. D.E.S. Thesis, Columbia University, 2006. Available?
"Sources of Pollution and Sediment Contamination in Newark Bay, New Jersey," Rutgers-restricted access
David W. Crawford, Nancy L. Bonnevie, and Richard J. Wenning. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 30, February 1995, 85-100.
Reviews the literature and data on chemicals and water quality stressors throughout the Newark Bay estuary. Looks at the historical and current sources of pollution.
"Fishing in Urban New Jersey: Ethnicity Affects Information Sources, Perception, and Compliance," Rutgers-restricted access
Joanna Burger, Risk Analysis 19(2), April 1999, 217-229
"Examines fishing behavior, sources of information, perceptions, and compliance with fishing advisories as a function of ethnicity for people fishing in the NewarkBay Complex."
Concentration and Loads of Organic Compounds and Trace Elements in Tributaries to Newark and Raritan Bays, New Jersey.
Timothy P. Wilson and Jennifer L. Bonin. Prepared for the New Jersey Toxics Reduction Workplan for NY-NJ Harbor Ambient Monitoring of Loading to Major Tributaries at Head-of-Tide Study I-C. Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5059. Reston, Virginia, U.S. Geological Survey, 2007.

Passaic River

A Common Tragedy: History of an Urban River.
Timothy J. Iannuzzi et. al. Amherst, Mass., Amherst Scientific Publishers, 2002. Available?
Characterization and Assessment of Contaminated Sediments in Lower Passaic River, New Jersey Rutgers-restricted access
Victor Udoka Onwueme. Thesis (D.Env.M.), Montclair State University, 2008. Available?
Effect of water quality model uncertainty on the Passaic total maximum daily load and water quality trading program for total phosphorus.
Josef Sy Kardos. Thesis (Ph.D.), Rutgers University, 2009.
Diversity of Biodegradative Gene Populations in Aquatic Sediments Examined by Gene-targeted Metagenomics
Elyse Anne Rodgers-Vieira. Thesis (Ph.D), Rutgers The State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick and University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 2012.
"The Passaic River in Newark, New Jersey has a long history of industrial pollution making it an ideal site to study monooxygenase diversity. 16S rRNA and alkane monooxgyenase gene populations were analyzed by pyrosequencing to determine if sampling location on the river influenced the microbial community and if triplicate enrichments yield comparable results...Sediments from rivers and streams in Central Asia were compared to determine if novel alkane monooxygenase families could be found in a largely unstudied geographic region." Available?
"The Pollution Problem of the Passaic River,"
Daniel Jacobson. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society 76(3), July 1958, 186-198.
Traces the gradual pollution of Newark's water supply in the 19th century. Available?
"The Passaic Valley Trunk Sewer,"
Stuart Galishoff. New Jersey History 88(4), Winter 1970, 197-214. Reprinted in Safeguarding the Public Health: Newark, 1895-1918. Westport, Conn., 1975, pp. 54-67.
The Passaic river, which for many years served both as a water supply and major recreational site for Newark and the surrounding area, by the latter part of the 19th century had been polluted to the point that it "had the characteristics of an open sewer." Traces efforts to mitigate the pollution, culminiating in the opening of the Passaic Valley Trunk Sewer in 1924. Available?

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