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"Charter Change and Civic Reform in Newark, 1953-1954,"
Stanley B. Winters. New Jersey History 118(1/2), 2000, 34-65.
Reformers hoped that a change from the five-member board of commissioners established by the 1917 city charter to a mayor-council form of government would lead to an overhaul of a graft-ridden administration, halt the city's neglect, and keep businesses and the middle-class in Newark. Available?
The Charter Commission found that "For more than three decades, municipal government in Newark has proved to be wasteful, extravagant, uncoordinated and not responsive to the basic need of our city...A major cause of poor government in Newark has been the commission form by which our city has been governed since 1917." Recommended that the commission form of government be abandoned and that Newark adopt the Mayor-Council Plan C, as set forth in Article 5 of the Optional Municipal Charter Law. Available?
An Exploration of Legislative Performance in Three Northeastern Cities.
Hy L. Dubowsky. Thesis (Ph.D), New York University, 1995.
Using existing models of state legislative reform, examines three big city councils (Newark, New York, and Philadelphia) in terms of reform and performance. Available?