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3 credible online sources for background information
American Cancer Society (ACS)
American Cancer Society, a professional association, has designed their website to be very user friendly to patients. However the content is substantive enough to help you with your paper.
- Under the "Cancer A-Z" tab, you can click on "All Cancer Types" and search for a cancer type. The detailed guide for the each type of cancers includes an overview of that cancer, statistics, causes, risk factors, prevention, detection, diagnosis, staging, and treatment information.
- Under the "Our Research" section, you will discover "Facts and Figures" and a link to Cancer Statistics Center (which offers state and national data collected by the ACS)
National Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute, one of the agencies in the National Institutes of Health, was established in 1937 as the nation's primary center for cancer research and training. Under the "Cancer Types" section are:
- a list of common cancer types
- an A to Z list of cancers
- cancers by body location
- childhood cancers
- adolescent & young adult cancers
- and more!
Each entry includes an overview, treatment, causes & prevention, screening, research, and statistics information.
The MD Anderson Manual of Medical Oncology, 3rd edition
M D Anderson Manual of Medical Oncology, an e-book available through the database, Access Medicine, has been written by the staff at the M. D. Anderson Cancer Center at the University of Texas in Houston, one of the nation's top cancer medical centers. The Manual is written for physicians with references to the practices at M. D. Anderson. The book is organized by broad cancer types.
From background information to original research articles
Researching a topic that's new to you?
- 1st: Learn more about the topic:
- A book can be helpful since it's broader in scope
- Credible Web sites may contain broad and/or more specific information
- Reference works such as dictionaries and encyclopedias can also be useful for looking up unfamiliar terms
- 2nd: Review articles are valuable resources:
- Providing historical background information
- Explaining the significance of the research - why it's important to study
- Discussing possible future directions
- Identifying key papers (& scientists) in the subject area
- 3rd: Read current original research articles:
- Narrow in scope
- More details about methodology
- Be up-to-date on newest discoveries
Finding articles in reviews
Dr. Gao suggested that you use review articles to locate specific research studies to include in your papers. You can locate the review articles by using the limiter, Review articles, on the Medline search screen or the filter, Review articles, in PubMed. You can also make the decision yourself. A review article provides an analysis of research studies already published in the literature. The authors do not offer any research results of their own. The work is based entirely on the research of others with the authors summarizing and analyzing the research studies and offering their own conclusions.
After identifying appropriate articles in the review article's bibliography, you are ready to locate them by using the Journals tab in the gray area on the home page. If the University Libraries owns the journal, it should appear first in the alphabetical list of periodical titles. Click on the title to see the complete record. You will see links to the electronic format as well as any print holdings in the University Libraries. After clicking on the link for the electronic format, you can use the date to zoom in on the article.