Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Helper: An APA and MLA Citation Guide

Library research guide highlighting APA and MLA citation formation using sample citations for a wide range of sources.

MLA In-text Citations



In-text citations should be as brief and as clear as possible. Their purpose is to unobtrusively guide readers to the corresponding entry in your list of works cited.

Generally, a parenthetical citation includes the author's last name and the page number(s) of the information used.

Direct Quotations

Place the author's name either in parentheses or within the sentence. For example:

OR

Place long direct quotations in a left-indented block.  For example:

Summary or Paraphrase

Indicate the source by the author and the page number(s) in the parentheses. For example:

Works with more than one author

For works with two authors, include the last name of both authors and connect with "and".

    For example: (Clyde and Thomas 369)

For works with three or more authors, use the first author's last name followed by et al.

    For example: (Wong et al. 145)

Archival Documents

For archival documents, use the author’s name in parenthesis without page numbers.


RUTGERS.EDU | SEARCH RUTGERS.EDU

© , Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Rutgers is an equal access/equal opportunity institution. Individuals with disabilities are encouraged to direct suggestions, comments, or complaints concerning any accessibility issues with Rutgers websites to accessibility@rutgers.edu or complete the Report Accessibility Barrier / Provide Feedback form.