There are several ways to seek help from a librarian:
You must evaluate all sources that you find - yes, even those found on library shelves or within the library’s databases! So, what do you need to look for?
· Relevancy of resource to your topic
· Currency – unless you’re doing a historical study, you’re probably going to want only the most recent sources for your science papers/projects
· Authority/credibility/reliability of authors/editors/publishers
o What are their credentials?
o Are they considered experts in the field? Do other scholars cite their works?
· Accuracy / validity
o Do other sources say the same thing?
o What supporting evidence (e.g., references) is provided?
· Biases – may have an effect on the information presented
o Who is funding/sponsoring the study?
o What are the author/editor’s affiliations? Political viewpoints? Religious beliefs?
o Is there balanced coverage, where all aspects of the subject are discussed to the same level of detail?
o Is it just-the-facts being presented or an interpretation of the facts?
o Are assumptions or opinions being made without supporting evidence?
o What is the context in which the information was created?
· Purpose & intended audience – this affects how the information is presented
· Referrals – Further Reading suggestions or hyperlinks if it’s a Web site
TIP: The general rule of thumb has been that .gov (and most .edu) Web sites are usually reliable; however, you should evaluate those just as you would the .org and .com sites!
Also consider - is it "good" research? Think about the following...
o Design of study: is the design appropriate to the problem/question being studied?
o Data Collectors: how qualified were they?
o Sampling: how many subjects were studied and how were they chosen?
o Statistics: how sound is the approach/method used?
o Bias: in sampling, due to sponsorship of research, etc.
Click on the links below for more information about evaluating information sources:
This guide is copyright-protected, but you are welcome to reuse it as per the license below (click for more details):
Rutgers is an equal access/equal opportunity institution. Individuals with disabilities are encouraged to direct suggestions, comments, or complaints concerning any accessibility issues with Rutgers websites to email@example.com or complete the Report Accessibility Barrier / Provide Feedback form.