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The Newark Experience: Prisoner Reentry

Parolees

"Home Nodes, Criminogenic Places, and Parolee Failure: Testing an Environmental Model of Offender Risk"
Joel Miller, Joel M. Caplan, and Michael Ostermann. Crime and Delinquency 62(2), February 2016, 169-199.
"This article examines whether potentially criminogenic places (including bars, liquor stores, restaurants, public transport hubs, drug markets, and more), located within a 1,240-feet radius of parolees' residences (the home "node"), predict their rearrest or revocation...However, multivariate survival analysis of 1,632 parolees released to Newark during July 2007 to June 2009 found little evidence that these factors increased the risk of failure." Rutgers-restricted Access

Reentry--Civil Rights

Existing But Not Living: Neo-Civil Death and the Carceral State
CalvinJohn Smiley. (Ph.D. Thesis) City University of New York, 2014.
"Prisoner reentry--the transition from prison to community--has grown exponentially in the 21st century. While individuals are coming home in larger quantities, many formerly incarcerated men and women lose social, political, and economic rights, otherwise known as civil death. The fundamental purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the impact of civil death on prisoner reentry. More specifically, how does the loss of civil rights construct notions of citizenship for recently released men and women? In addition, how do men and women navigate and negotiate the reentry process with both legal-related barriers imposed by the State as well as social obstacles created by incarceration? A community-based reentry program in Newark, New Jersey, is the field site of this research." Available?

Reentry--Finding Employment

Finding Work: A Smartphone Study of Job Searching, Social Contacts, and Wellbeing After Prison.
Naomi F. Sugie. (Ph.D Thesis) Princeton University, 2014.
"Using an innovative data collection method--smartphones--this dissertation contributes a detailed portrait of the searching and working trajectories of 156 individuals. Participants were randomly sampled from a complete census of all recent releases to parole in Newark, New Jersey, and were followed for three months. Utilizing these novel data, the dissertation analyzes a) the searching and working experiences of individuals at reentry, b) the use of social contacts for finding employment, and c) the association between emotional wellbeing and job searching."

Reentry - Identity

"Clothing Makes the Man: Impression Management and Prisoner Reentry"
Calvin John Smiley and Keesha M. Middlemass. Punishment & Society 18(2), April 2016, pp. 220-243.
" Drawing on ethnographic data from a two-year interdisciplinary project in Newark, New Jersey, we present empirical evidence that clothing supports substantial notions of identity and performance...We find that clothing is a tool through which former prisoners are able to reengage with society as someone other than as a former prisoner." Rutgers-restricted Access