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The Newark Experience: Architecture and Landmarks

Digital Archive of Newark Architecture

The New Jersey Institute of Technology. The Architecture Library at NJIT is building a growing collection of digital materials dealing with the Newark built environment. The Digital Archive of Newark Architecture includes newspaper and journal articles (restricted access), books, atlases, maps, government documents, and other materials.

"Digital Archive of Newark Architecture
Maya Gervits and Jessica O'Donnell. Art Documentation 30(1), Spring 2011, pp.43-47. Rutgers-restricted Access

Architects

Charles F. Cummings compiled a list of architects associated with Newark landmark buildings which appeared as a series of articles published in the Newark Star-Ledger in 1999:

"Glory of the City's Designers Still Lives on in Their Buildings." March 11, 1999, p.3 [A-Ge]
"More Architectural Gems: The Courthouse and Museum," March 18, 1999, p.4 [Gi-H]
"The Glory and the Grandeur of the City's Religious Edifices." March 25, 1999, p.3 [J-Ra]
"City is Known for Traditional Architecture and Innovative Designs." April 1, 1999, p.4 [Re-Z]

Postcards

Newark Postcards
The University of Maryland has digitized over 60 early 20th century Newark postcards in its National Trust Library Historic Postcard Collection.

Architecture and Landmarks

Newark Architecture Collection, 1903-1993
Collection of miscellaneous materials relating to architecture in Newark in the Cummings New Jersey Information Center in the Newark Public Library. More from the Newark Archives Project.

Directories of Buildings and Sites

National Register of Historical Places - Essex County
Directory of Essex County sites which have been designated as official federal landmarks.
Historical Landmarks
Address, brief description, and link to website if available. Part of the City of Newark Website.
Emporis Database: Newark
Lists of all Newark buildings over 12 stories (including those planned but never built); photographs, construction histories, architects, etc. Emphasis on high-rise architecture, but also lists low-rise buildings, churches, etc.
Reinventing Newark: Visions of the City From the Twentieth Century
Unrealized plans for individual projects for Newark, including civic centers, recreation areas, commercial districts, hospitals and universities. From the Rutgers-Newark Graduate Department of Public Administration.
Reinventing Newark: Visions of the City from the Twentieth Century.
Marc Holzer, et.al., Newark, N.J., National Center for Public Productivity, 2005.
Exhibition catalog. Available?

Buildings and Sites

Newark, New Jersey: Old and New.
Charles F. Cummings. Newark, N.J., Newark Public Library, 2002. Available?
Newark Area Building Photographs, 1900-1907
Finding aid for the collection at the New Jersey Historical Society. Includes over 200 images of buildings, houses, parks, institutions, and churches.
Newark, New Jersey Photographs
Finding aid for the hugh (25 linear feet) collection of Newark photographs at the New Jersey Historical Society. "The bulk of these images are ca. 1890-1940, although there are many street corner views from the 1960s...Photographers include William Cone and others."
Civic
Corporate
Parks
Religious
Residential
Other

Civic


The City of Newark Archives and Records Management Center has the Minutes and Documents of the Committee on Public Buildings from 1875 to 1917. The Committee approved bids for the construction, decoration, and maintenance of public buildings (offices, fire houses, courts, etc.) in Newark.

"The Old Jail on New Street"
History and photographic tour. The Essex County Jail is oldest public building in the county. Designed by John Haviland, it was built in 1837.
Specifications for Building the Custom-house at Newark, New Jersey; Including Accommodations for a Post Office and United States Court Room.
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Office of the Construction of Buildings. Washington, D.C., A.O.P.Nicholson, Public Printer, 1855. Available?
Specifications for the Construction of a New City Hall Building and Boiler House on Broad Street.
John H. Ely. Newark, N.J., 1902. Available?
Newark City Hall
Postcard, 1906.
Essex County Court House, Newark, New Jersey. [Including] Report of Cass Gilbert, architect of new Court House. Description of mural paintings and statutary. Description of old Court House by Joseph L. Munn, counsel of Essex County Commission.
Essex County (N.J.) Building Commission. Newark, 1908. Available?
Commemorating the Opening of Pennsylvania Station, Newark, New Jersey, March 23, 1935
Illustrated booklet produced for the opening ceremony. Section on "Architectural Features" includes McKim, Mead, and White's diagrammatic street-level plan, as well as a cross-section. Also includes a section on the "World's Greatest Railroad Lift Bridge."
"Pennsylvania Station, Newark"
IN Christopher Brown. Still Standing: A Century of Urban Train Station Design. Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2005.Available?

"Market Street Station, Newark, N.J.; Views and Plans,"
Architectural Record 79, March 1936, pp. 199-205. Available?
NJ Transit's Newark Broad Street Station: Stories of Transportation & Change
Richard Kirk Mills. Newark, NJ Transit, 2007. Available?
Broad Street Station
1981 application for National Register of Historic Places status. Includes images and floor plans.
Newark Broad Street Station Interpretive Panels
Nancy L. Zerbe. Metuchen, ARCH2, 2003. Available?
New Stage for a City: Designing the New Jersey Performing Arts Center.
Michael Webb. Mulgrave, Vic., Images Publishing, 1998. Available?
"Encore Performance: Newark's New Performing Arts Center is Music to the Ears of a City Struggling to Rebound,'
Joseph Giovannini. Architecture 87(3), March 1, 1998, p. 118.
Barton Myers design for NJPAC. Rutgers-restricted Access
"Better Beginnings [Newark Science Park High School],"
AnnMarie Marano. Contract 51(2), February 2009, pp.42-45.
Einhorn Yaffee Prescott's design for Science Park High. Rutgers-restricted Access

Corporate

"The Mutual Benefit LIfe Insurance Buildings,"
Julia Sabine. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society 75(3), July 1957, 180-196.
Study of the various home office buildings erected by the company between 1847 and 1927. Available?
"Prudential Life Insurance Co. Building, Newark, N.J.,"
Architecture 59, January 1929, pp.29-32. Available?
For a Greater New Jersey.
New Jersey Bill Telephone Company, 1929.
The New Jersey Bell Headquarters Building. Available?
"Building for the New Jersey Bell Telephone Co. in Newark; Views and Floor Plan,"
Architectural Forum 52, May 1930, pp.667-687.. Available?
National Newark Building: Newark's Tallest Building: Evoluation - Deterioration - Rebirth
Nat Bodian.
National Newark Building, 744 Broad Street.
Photos, floorplans, and current specs.
"G.Krueger Brewing Co., Lager Stock House Addition, Newark, N.J.
Architectural Record 76, November 1934, pp.336-337.
Designed by Waldemar Mortensen Available?
"Star Electric Building, Newark, N.J.; With Views, Floor Plan and Construction Outline,"
Architectural Forum 64, May 1936,.pp.426-428. Available?
"Warehouses, Sherwin-Williams Co., and P. Ballantine & Sons Bottling Plant, Newark, N.J.; Views, Plans and Construction,"
Architectural Forum 66, March 1937,.pp.174-181. Available?
Newark and Its Gateway Complex.
Thomas Dolan. A NewarkMetro report. Social history of the Newark Gateway Center complex, built in four stages between 1971 and 1988.

Parks

Branch Brook Park
Description and history. Park originally (1895) designed by the firm of John Bogart and Nathan F. Barrett; design revised by Frederick Law and John Charles Olmsted (1900).
Branch Brook Park.
Kathleen P. Galop and Catharine Longendyck. Charleston, S.C., Arcadia, 2007.
Part of the "Images of America" series. Available?
Olmsted Parks in New Jersey.
Jeanne Kolva. Atglen, Pa., Schiffer, 2011. Available?

Religious

A Survey of Ecclesiastical Architecture Built in Newark from 1810-1865.
Kenneth B. Schnall. M.A. Thesis, Newark State College, 1965. Available?
First Church in Newark. Historical discourses, relating to the First Presbyterian Church in Newark; originally delivered to the congregation of that church during the month of January, 1851
Jonathan F. Stearns. Newark, Daily Advertiser, 1853. Available?
Old First Presbyterian Church 1668. Image
First Presbyterian Church, Newark, New Jersey
Lists the church records deposited in the Presbyterian Historical Society In Philadelphia.
Centennial Celebration of the Dedication of the First Presbyterian Church
Newark, N.J., January Fourth and Fifth, 1891.
Old Town Church Endowment: The First Presbyterian Church in Newark and its Relation to its Property Interests
Walter S. Nichols. Newark, Trustees of the First Presbyterian Church in Newark, 1916.
The Old First Presbyterian Church, Newark, New Jersye. The Founding Church of Newark, 1666-1966
Newark, Old First Presbyterian Church, 1966. Available?
Other materials on the Old First Presbyterian Church
Trinity Church, Newark, N.J.: A Brief Account of its Origin and History.
Edward W. Scudder. 1931. Available?
Grace Church in Newark: The First 100 Years, 1837-1937.
Edward F. Bataille. Newark, N.J., Kenny Press, 1937. Available?
Grace Church
Designed by Richard Upjohn (1848). Photographs from New Jersey Churchscape.
House of Prayer and Rectory
Postcard. The House of Prayer Episcopal Church was incorporated in 1849.
House of Prayer Episcopal Church Records, 1849-1976.
Finding aide to the archival collection at the New Jersey Historical Society.
St. Patrick's Pro-Cathedral: An Historical Reflection 1850-2000
Robert James Wister. Illustrated history.
The North Reformed Church, Newark, New Jersey: An Architectural Study.
Julia Elizabeth Sabine. Newark, N.J., The Consistory, 1959.
Church designed (1857/59) by William Henry Kirk. Available?
One Hundred Fifty Years' History of the First Baptist Peddie Memorial Church, Newark, New Jersey. 1801-1951.
1951. Available?
Peddie Memorial Baptist Church
Image from New Jersey Churchscape.
Cathedral of the Sacred Heart: History
A Virtual Tour is also available at this site.
Gothic Pride: The Story of Building a Great Cathedral in Newark.
Brian Regan. New Brunswick, Rivergate Books, 2012. Available?
The Story of the Cathedral Basilica of the Sacred Heart, Newark, New Jersey: A Statement of Faith.
Mary Cabrini Durkin, Strasbourg, France: Editions du Signe, 2003. Available?
"Italian Baptist Church, Newark, N.J.,"
Architecture 62, July 1930, pp.21-22. Available?

Residential

The Ballantine House and the Decorative Arts Galleries at the Newark Museum.
Ulysses Grant Dietz. Newark, N.J., The Musuem, 1994.
Designed by architect George Edward Harny for the Ballantine family, the Ballantine House is last remaining 19th century residence on Washington Park. Currently part of the Newark Museum, the period rooms have been restored to about 1891 and are open to the public. Available?
"Ballantine House: Preserving a Newark Landmark,"
Philip H. Curtis. Newark Museum Quarterly 27(4), Fall 1976, pp.1-44. Available?
Continental Hotel
Image, circa 1907-1914
The Hine Estate.
Newark, E.H. Lum, 191-?. Available?
Krueger-Scott Mansion
New Jersey Historic Trust photo/description.
Krueger Mansion: Feasibility Study.
Extensive study prepared for Newark by the Grad Partnership architectural firm in 1987 for the renovation of the Krueger-Scott mansion. The Newark Public Library has a copy in the the New Jersey Reference Collection (N.J. Ref. 363.690974932 K93). The City of Newark Archives and Records Management Center has copies of the study as well as several hundred photographs, floor plans, and elevations.
Castle Newark: The Krueger-Scott Mansion
2-Part documentary by Samantha J. Boardman. 2009
Decadence & Decay: The Mansion Project
Anonda Bell et al. Newark, N.J., Paul Robeson Galleries, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey, 2009
Exhibit, September 8-November 11, 2009. Available?
"Historic Landmark Feigenspan Mansion in Newark Sells for $1.4M,"
Richard Khavkine. The Star-Ledger February 15, 2011.
Includes 9 photographs, mostly interior shots, by Robert Sciarrino.
Tiffany Setting
Eric Wills. Preservation 63(5), September/October 2011, 26-31.
Restoration of a mansion supposedly built for the Tiffany family in the Forest Hill section of Newark.
"Domesticating Glass Walls: Mies van der Rohe's Colonnade Park in Newark, N.J. and I.M. Pei's Kips Bay Plaza in Manhattan,"
Progressive Architecture 42, October 1961, pp.148-155. Available?
Guidelines for the Development of the James Street Commons, Newark, New Jersey.
New York, Gruzen & Partners. Urban Design & Planning Division, 1977. Available?

Other

Newark Female Charitable Society
Image and history of the society.
Essex Club
Designed by Guilbert and Betelle (1926), this is the current home of the New Jersey Historical Society. New Jersey Historic Trust photo/description.